یکی از ملزومات دستیابی به توسعه پایدار شهری، دسترسی کافی به منابع مالی و همچنین مدیریت درست آن است. زیرا با توسعه شهرها، توجه و توسعه بیشتر خدمات شهری مانند فضای سبز، حمل و نقل، دفع زباله، معابر و آسفالت، بهداشت و مسکن لازم و ضروری میباشد. مدیران شهر براساس میزان درآمدهای قابل تشخیص، تصمیم به انجام طرح های عمرانی، خدمات، آموزشی، بهداشتی و غیره برای شهر میگیرند و هرچه که میزان این درآمدها بیشتر باشد، بالطبع توان انجام کارهای بیشتری نیز در سطح شهر وجود خواهد داشت. اما یک نقطه مهمی که در مورد درآمدهای اقتصادی شهر نباید مورد غفلت قرارگیرد پایداری این درآمدهاست. هرچه که درآمدهای اقتصادی شهر پایدارتر باشد، برنامه ریزی و آینده نگری برای شهر باثبات و کم هزینه تر خواهد بود. بدیهی است اتکا به منابع غیرقابل پیشبین ، حتی با میزان و حجم بالا، مقوله برنامه ریزی را با مشکل مواجه خواهد کرد .
شناسایی و حرکت به سمت منابع پایدار را میتوان یکی از دغدغه های اصلی مدیران شهری دانست. با توجه به طرح سیاست خودکفایی شهرداریها در قالب نظام کلان اقتصادی در سال ۱۳۶۲، ناپایداری نظام درآمدی شهرداری شدت گرفت و با کم رنگ شدن کمکهای دولت به شهرداری، ناچار به متوسل شدن به منابع درآمدی ناپایدار مانند درآمدهای ناشی از ساخت وساز ( شامل عوارض بر ساختمانها و اراضی، پروانه های ساختمانی، تراکم و تفکیک زمین، حذف پارکینگ و جز آن ) شدند. از آنجا که مهمترین منبع درآمدی شهرداری را درآمدهای ناشی از ساخت وساز و جز آن تشکیل می دهد، در صورت بروز بحران در بخش ساخت وساز، شهرداری با بحرانهای مالی متوجه شده و بیتردید تکیه بر اینگونه درآمدهای ناپایدار خاستگاه بحران مالی برای شهرداری خواهد بود.
شهرداریها به عنوان یکی از سازمانهای مهم و فعال در ساختار اقتصادی– اجتماعی ایران میتوانند نقش بسیار مهمی در امر خطیر اقتصاد مقاومتی برعهده داشته باشند.
اولین گام در راه اجرای اقتصاد مقاومتی، شناخت جایگاه شهرداری در این امر خطیر در نظام جمهوری اسلامی ایران است. شهرداریها به صورت قانونی دارای وظایف ویژه و تعریف شده ای هستند که در حال حاضر مشغول به انجام آن می باشند اما در شرایط خاص فعلی، علاوه بر اینکه نیاز به تلاش و کوشش بیشتر در این مسیر است، احتمالا نیازمند بازنگری دوباره مسئولیتها و جایگاه خود متناسب با امر جهاد اقتصادی هستند.
گام بعدی در این فرایند، شناخت موانع موجود در شهرداریها است. شهرداریها باید به خوبی از نقاط ضعف و قوت مجموعه خود آگاه باشند و فرصتها و تهدیداتی که پیش روی این سازمان مهم در اقتصاد ایران است را شناسایی نماید برخی از عمده ترین مشکلات شهرداریهای کلان شهرهای کشور را میتوان مواردی همچون ضعف در داشتن یک نظام و ساختار پویا و پایدار، حجم بالای فعالیتهای تصدیگری و مشکل بهره وری در شهرداریها برشمرد.
پس از شناخت موانع و نقاط ضعف و قوت، لازم است تا راهبردهای ممکن جهت حل مشکلات در شهرداریها، شناسایی گردیده واز بین آنها بهترین راهبردها انتخاب گردد. در نهایت بخش مربوط به اجرا و ارزیابی و همچنین اصلاح برنامه ها قرار دارد.
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