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توسعه پایدار شهری

یکی از ملزومات دستیابی به توسعه پایدار شهری، دسترسی کافی به منابع مالی و همچنین مدیریت درست آن است. زیرا با توسعه شهرها، توجه و توسعه بیشتر خدمات شهری مانند فضای سبز، حمل و نقل، دفع زباله، معابر و آسفالت، بهداشت و مسکن لازم و ضروری می­باشد. مدیران شهر براساس میزان درآمدهای قابل تشخیص، تصمیم به انجام طرح های عمرانی، خدمات، آموزشی، بهداشتی و غیره برای شهر می­گیرند و هرچه که میزان این درآمدها بیشتر باشد، بالطبع توان انجام کارهای بیشتری نیز در سطح شهر وجود خواهد داشت. اما یک نقطه مهمی که در مورد درآمدهای اقتصادی شهر نباید مورد غفلت قرار­گیرد پایداری این درآمدهاست. هرچه که درآمدهای اقتصادی شهر پایدارتر باشد، برنامه ریزی و آینده ­نگری برای شهر باثبات و کم ­هزینه تر خواهد بود. بدیهی است اتکا به منابع غیرقابل پیش­بین ، حتی با میزان و حجم بالا، مقوله برنامه ­ریزی را با مشکل مواجه خواهد کرد .

شهر سالم

شناسایی و حرکت به سمت منابع پایدار را می­توان یکی از دغدغه­ های اصلی مدیران شهری دانست. با توجه به طرح سیاست خودکفایی شهرداری­ها در قالب نظام کلان اقتصادی در سال ۱۳۶۲، ناپایداری نظام درآمدی شهرداری شدت گرفت و با کم رنگ شدن کمک­های دولت به شهرداری، ناچار به متوسل شدن به منابع درآمدی ناپایدار مانند درآمدهای ناشی از ساخت­ وساز ( شامل عوارض بر ساختمان­ها و اراضی، پروانه های ساختمانی، تراکم و تفکیک زمین، حذف پارکینگ و جز آن ) شدند. از آنجا که مهمترین منبع درآمدی شهرداری را درآمدهای ناشی از ساخت وساز و جز آن تشکیل می دهد، در صورت بروز بحران در بخش ساخت و­ساز، شهرداری با بحران­های مالی متوجه شده و بی­تردید تکیه بر این­گونه درآمدهای ناپایدار خاستگاه بحران مالی برای شهرداری خواهد بود.

شهرداری­ها

شهرداری­ها به عنوان یکی از سازمان­های مهم و فعال در ساختار اقتصادی– اجتماعی ایران می­توانند نقش بسیار مهمی در امر خطیر اقتصاد مقاومتی بر­عهده داشته باشند.
اولین گام در راه اجرای اقتصاد مقاومتی، شناخت جایگاه شهرداری در این امر خطیر در نظام جمهوری اسلامی ایران است. شهرداری­ها به صورت قانونی دارای وظایف ویژه و تعریف شده­ ای هستند که در حال حاضر مشغول به انجام آن می باشند اما در شرایط خاص فعلی، علاوه بر اینکه نیاز به تلاش و کوشش بیشتر در این مسیر است، احتمالا نیازمند بازنگری دوباره مسئولیت­ها و جایگاه خود متناسب با امر جهاد اقتصادی هستند.
گام بعدی در این فرایند، شناخت موانع موجود در شهرداری­ها است. شهرداری­ها باید به خوبی از نقاط ضعف و قوت مجموعه خود آگاه باشند و فرصت­ها و تهدیداتی که پیش روی این سازمان مهم در اقتصاد ایران است را شناسایی نماید برخی از عمده ترین مشکلات شهرداری­های کلان شهر­های کشور را می­توان مواردی همچون ضعف در داشتن یک نظام و ساختار پویا و پایدار، حجم بالای فعالیت­های تصدی­گری و مشکل بهره ­وری در شهرداری­ها برشمرد.
پس از شناخت موانع و نقاط ضعف و قوت، لازم است تا راهبرد­های ممکن جهت حل مشکلات در شهرداری­ها، شناسایی گردیده واز بین آنها بهترین راهبردها انتخاب گردد. در نهایت بخش مربوط به اجرا و ارزیابی و همچنین اصلاح برنامه ­ها قرار دارد.

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